Dyeing lampshades is an inexpensive way to add a custom touch to your home decor. The process is simple, and you can purchase shades inexpensively, allowing you to experiment to your heart's content without fear of ruining an expensive piece of furniture. To avoid ruining anything at all, be sure that you work outside or thoroughly cover your work surface with plastic or old newspaper. Remember to protect walls as well if you're using a spray technique to apply the dye.
Test-fit the lampshade into the empty container you plan to mix the dye bath in, making sure it will drop in as far as you would like. If not, get a larger container.
Mix the dye according to the package directions. For large dye baths, dye is generally mixed with hot water at a ratio of three-quarters of a cup of liquid dye to 4 gallons of water. The water temperature should be around 140 degrees Fahrenheit.
Dip the lampshade into the dye bath as deeply as you desire, or immerse the entire shade. Allow the shade to sit in the dye batch until it has reached the desired shade.
Remove the lampshade from the dye and set it on cardboard to dry. Some dye will drip off the shade, so be careful where you place it during the drying process.
Painting on Dye
Stir a half-teaspoon of dye into 1 cup of hot water in a small container.
Dip a disposable foam paint brush into the dye and paint the dye onto the lampshade where you desire. Apply the dye evenly, continuing to add thin coats of dye until your lampshade reaches the shade you want.
Place the lampshade on a piece of scrap cardboard and allow it to dry thoroughly.
Mix 1 cup of hot water and a half-teaspoon of dye. Pour the dye solution into a plastic spray bottle sturdy enough to tolerate hot water.
Spray the dye onto the lampshade where you wish, creating one layer of color. You can apply the dye evenly or make some areas darker for a mottled look.
Allow the shade to dry, then spray again if you prefer more or darker color. Spraying dye on works best when you apply the dye in layers rather than all at once.