Ostriches are raised for their meat, feathers and skin on small- to mid-sized ostrich farms. Many ostriches live to approximately 70 years of age. They range from 7 to 8 feet tall, weigh up to 450 lbs. and run as fast as 40 miles per hour. Ostriches are a hardy breed and adults often will not use take shelter in their house on an ostrich farm, except in extreme weather conditions of wind, snow, rain or very cold or very sunny days. An ostrich house is easy to construct and should be provided for use during these severe weather conditions.
Design the building and determine the size requirements for housing the number of ostriches you wish to keep in a four-sided building with a gate at least 36 inches wide. Designate a minimum of 60 to 80 feet of space per bird. Minimum height of the shelter should cover the tallest ostrich with several feet above to spare. Special flooring is not required for ostriches; a sand or soil base is adequate for their needs.
Choose a sandy location with fairly level ground and no drainage problems. This location should not be near stagnant water or within earshot of high vehicle traffic areas.
Clear the location of all weeds, bushes, rocks and any other objects that may be hazardous to an ostrich. Use a shovel and rake to smoothly level out the area.
Construct a 2-by-4 frame according to your design specifications for the size of the building using a saw, level, hammer and nails. Make frames for the two sides and the back. The front frame should be constructed to allow for the gate opening as planned in your design layout.
Cut siding sheets to size for each frame and attach them to the 2-by-4 frames by nailing the siding securely in place to each frame.
Stand up a panel frame and attach it to a second side with hammer and nails. Continue attaching walls until all four walls are attached and secured.
Attach the 36-inch gate with hardware to the siding panel that has been designated as the front. Avoid injury to the birds by not leaving any large gaps that an ostrich could get caught in.
Stretch the shade cloth--a knitted fabric that provides UV protection--across the top of the standing structure, attaching it to the top of the walls using furring strips.
Paint the interior and exterior the ostrich house with exterior house paint for protection from the elements.