According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 15 million households in the United States depend on well water. All private wells depend on ground water. This water moves down deep into the earth until it hits a dense layer of rock where it stays trapped in pores and spaces. To reach this stored water, people drill wells. The CDC recommends that private wells be checked regularly to ensure that the water is safe for consumption. Well water has many uses when it is deemed safe.
Well water that comes into the home can be used for drinking. Most homes that rely on well water utilize a filtration system, water softeners or distillation systems to improve the safety and quality of the water that comes from the well.
Well water can be used for both cooking and food preparation. Any water from a well that's been properly maintained and tested is safe to use to both wash and cook food.
Homes with well water generally have water heaters similar to buildings that depend on public water. The water heaters supply hot water for bathing, dish washing and clothes washing.
Rural businesses, such as farms, may depend on wells as their only water suppliers. Farms use the well water to water crops and supply animals with water. When using well water at a farm, it's important to make sure that the well is at least 250 feet from manure stacks and 50 feet from livestock fields to avoid contamination.
Filling a Pool
You can use well water to fill your pool or hot tub. Keep an eye on the well's pump during the process. When used for too long, it can burn out. Break up the filling process by turning off the pump after about an hour and letting it cool down.