The daisy is one of the most common types of flower. According to the Flower Info website, it is believed that the daisy's name came from the words “day’s eye," referring to the head of the flower, which closes completely at night and reopens in the morning. The daisy is part of the second largest family of flowers, the asteraceae family, which has more than 23,000 species and 1,600 genera.
White Button Daisy
White button daisies bloom continually during the spring and into fall. They grow in bunches of small, white petals with yellow centers. The white button daisy grows to a height of 6 to 12 inches in moist soil. The seed requires light to germinate. White button daisies reflect the moonlight, making them attractive additions to a moon garden.
The African daisy produces blooms that are 2 to 4 inches across in shades of orange, yellow and white. A native of South Africa, the African daisy prefers full sun in well-drained soil. Seedlings are not winter hardy, so sow in early spring. The plant grows from 12 to 18 inches in height and it produces blooms from April until August. The genus name for the African daisy is Dimorphotheca, meaning “two shapes of seed."
Zulu Prince Daisy
The Zulu Prince daisy tolerates heat, sun and drought. The flower grows best in dry, warm conditions. The Zulu Prince daisy plant grows up to 2 feet tall and produces blooms up to 4 inches wide. The flower is silver-tinged with a bold, black center and includes white petals with purple and orange markings and a silky appearance. Known as the "Monarch of the Veldt," the Zulu Prince daisy originated in Africa.
The Shasta daisy produces 3-inch-wide blooms on plants that grow 2 to 3 feet high. The flowers have a long blooming season, beginning in the summer and continuing throughout the fall season. The Shasta daisies are single, white-petal flowers with yellow centers and dark-green leaves. The flowers grow well in full sunlight and well-drained soil.
Discovered in 1884 near Barberton, South Africa, the Gerbera daisy blooms in colors that range from yellow to deep orange and include red, pink, cream, white, violet and crimson. The Gerbera daisy is large with one or more ranks of petals surrounding the golden center. The flowers grow on 12 to 18 inch stems and range in size from 2 1/2 to 4 inches in diameter. Plant Gerbera daisies about 1 foot apart in beds in deep, well-drained loam or sandy soil. They prefer full sunlight, but they will tolerate light shade.