How to Plant a Pine Tree

By Karen Ellis

The pine tree is in the evergreen family, which means it doesn’t lose its needles (leaves) as deciduous trees. Therefore, placement of a pine tree must be considered for year-round aesthetics. If you love to view snow capped mountains in the winter time, you won’t want to plant your pine tree, considering its mature height, in a way that might obstruct that view. Other considerations when planting might be the width of the mature variety that you have chosen or the surroundings of the planting area. The following guidelines should enhance your planting experience.

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Plant a Pine Tree

Step 1

Know the variation of pine tree that you will plant so you know what to expect in the mature tree. How tall will it grow? How wide will it get? A sugar pine can grow to be 220 feet high and 12 feet wide. Where, a dwarf mountain pine will be much smaller and may fit your yard much better without overpowering it. Look at pictures of the different kinds of pines as they can vary quite a bit in appearance.

Step 2

Pick a location to plant your tree. Consider how large and wide it will grow. Will it extend branches to your neighbor’s yard when it reaches maturity? Neighbors generally have the right to trim off branches that are on their side of the property line. Make sure the planting area does not sit over a utility line or pipes. Be sure the area will have adequate drainage as pines don’t usually like soggy roots. When the tree is grown will it obstruct a desirable view? On the other hand, it can be of good use to obstruct an undesirable view.

Step 3

Dig the planting hole for the pine tree. The biggest consideration is good drainage as the pine will not do well with its roots in soggy soil. Dig the hole no deeper than the root ball of the tree. Make sure the bottom of the hole is solid. Loose soil under the roots may cause the tree to settle crooked. The width of the hole should be twice the size of the root ball.

Step 4

Water your pine tree only the first several months if it is a dry time of the year. A pine tree has a long tap root that reaches deep into the earth for moisture. This allows it to withstand dry soil or even a drought situation. However, if you live in a location where the ground freezes in winter, give your pine tree a complete watering just before winter sets in. After the first year, in the fall, your pine tree should be fertilized annually by sprinkling under the tree with an acid plant fertilizer. Spread it out to the branch tips and then go out another half of the distance.