Located in Vila Nova de Gaia, a port wine city near a historic center of the Norte Region in Portugal, a cramped midcentury-era apartment got a complete overhaul by Porto-based Hinterland Architectural Studio. Before the renovation, the home — originally built in the '60s as part of an affordable housing initiative — was divided into "small rooms that made it very hard to occupy," according to Hinterland architect Tiago Vieira. With an end goal of maximizing the space, the team rearranged the 645-square-foot residence to opt for a more open design.
But there were dilemmas and constraints: The bones of the home were shoddily built and the budget was limited to about $550 per square meter. Hinterland devised a creative solution: keeping the location of the kitchen, bathrooms, and bedroom. The other spaces in the house, capped by the sunroom, were opened in order to create a more welcoming environment for the apartment's new owners.