How to Estimate the Heater Size for a Garage

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Things You'll Need

  • Tape measure

  • Calculator (optional)

Heat your garage workshop by calculating BTUs.

A heater's physical size has little to do with its heating abilities. The heater type, such as radiant or forced air, the British Thermal Unit (BTU) output, your garage's insulation and your available power all factor into your heater selection. For fast heating, choose a forced air over a radiant heater, as forced air heaters will make you feel warmer much more quickly, while radiant heat sources may take hours to heat a room to a comfortable temperature, although they provide a more even heat in the room.

Step 1

Measure the length and width of your garage. Multiply them to get the total square footage of the room. An average two-car garage is approximately 484 square feet (22 by 22 feet), but it may range from 400 to nearly 600 square feet.

Step 2

Check your garage's insulation. If your walls are insulated the same way as your home and you have a finished ceiling that is also insulated, you can use a smaller (fewer BTU) heater than if you have no insulation or open rafters, which accelerate heat loss.

Step 3

Divide your total square footage by 200, and then multiply your answer by 9,000 to determine the BTU requirements for an uninsulated garage. Multiply by 6,000 instead of 9,000 if your garage is insulated.

Step 4

Find a heater with a BTU output that matches your results. For example, if your uninsulated garage is 484 square feet, your formula is 484 / 200 x 9,000, or 21,780. You need a heater with at least a 21,780 BTU output.


Determine whether you have a 120 or 240 watt circuit for your heater (this will be labeled in the electrical panel) to get the correct heater for your power availability.

Opt for a higher-powered heater than your calculations determine if your garage is particularly drafty, or insulate the garage to make your heater more efficient.


Anne Hirsh

Anne Hirsh has been writing and editing for over 10 years. She has hands-on experience in cooking, visual arts and theater as well as writing experience covering wellness and animal-related topics. She also has extensive research experience in marketing, small business, Web development and SEO. Hirsh has a bachelor's degree in technical theater and English and post-baccalaureate training in writing and computer software.