Shallow well points can be driven by hand where the water table is shallow enough to allow it. Consideration needs to be given to where the point is located, as well as to the use of the water. Wells should be sited as far away from possible contaminates as possible. Water for drinking should be tested periodically as shallow wells are prone to pollution.

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Shallow wells can provide a useful source of water in rural areas

Driving a Well Point by Hand

Step 1

Bore a shallow starter hole with the post hole digger, this should be about 6-inches deep.

Step 2

Remove any packaging from the well point and attach a length of pipe to it, using the coupling and pipe thread compound.

Step 3

Put the well point end into the starter hole, ensure it is vertical by using the level, cover the end of the pipe with the drive cap to protect the threads of the pipe.

Step 4

Drive the well point downwards, by hitting repeatedly with the sledge hammer or raising and dropping the pipe driver. Frequently stop to check that the pipe remains vertical.

Step 5

Attach the next section of pipe with a coupling, using the pipe wrenches and pipe thread compound. This should be done when there is around a foot of pipe left above ground level.

Step 6

Put the drive cap on the top of the pipe to protect the threads of the pipe. Repeat steps four and five until the water table depth has been exceeded by at least five feet. Driving deeper than the water level will mean there is less chance of the well becoming dry during droughts.

Step 7

Feed the hosepipe down the pipe and use water to flush out dirt and sand.