Bromedliads are a family of plants called bromeliadeae. The most well-known of bromediads is the pineapple. Bromeliads are native to the New World tropical and subtropical areas. Many varieties of bromeliads adapted to different types of environments. They take their nutrition and moisture from the atmosphere around them. Bromeliads come in many shapes, from needlelike to broad and flat, and many textures. To identify bromeliads, consider their location and basic structure.
Look at where the bromeliad grows. This can help you narrow the field concerning its type. Some bromeliads, called terrestrial bromeliads, grow right in the ground. Other types, called epiphytic bromeliads, grow on other plants and in the bark of trees.
Notice how the leaves grow on the plant. Bromeliads can have many kinds of plant structures, but they generally have a flower stalk growing from the center of the leaf rosette. Neoregelia bears a flower low in the center of the plant, and the flower may be one of a variety of bright colors.
Examine the leaf shape and texture. Cryhptanthus has spoon-shaped or lance-shaped leaves with evident banding or a frosty look. Tillandsia has thin, greenish-gray leaves or thin leaves with an urnlike base.
Determine flower shape and color. Tillandsia, which includes several kinds, has thin, bright red flower stalks or clusters of small, inconspicuous flowers. Aechmea's flower stalk grows out of a rosette of broad, leathery leaves that have spikes, and the flowers may be red and blue, pink and blue or red, yellow or black.
Observe growth habits. Bromeliad Guzmania has long, shiny leaves with a flower that blooms on a stalk from a central cup. After the bright-colored flower blooms, the plant begins to die but produces offshoot buds that can be used to propagate more plants.