Although you can usually keep your dishes clean using just dish soap and water, you'll want to sanitize your plates, glasses and silverware whenever somebody in your home catches a virus. A solution containing regular household bleach and water can effectively reduce the number of pathogens and keep your other family members from getting sick.
Set up three different compartments for washing, rinsing and sanitizing dishes. Use one or two large, durable plastic containers or stainless steel pots or bowls if your sink only has one or two compartments.
Fill one compartment with hot water and dish soap and another with clean, hot water. In the third compartment, combine 2 teaspoons to 1 tablespoon of unscented chlorine bleach for every 1 gallon of cool water.
Scrape remaining food off dish surfaces and remove any detachable parts, including handles, screens or blades. Wash the dish surfaces thoroughly in the hot, soapy water using a clean dishcloth.
Rinse the dishes thoroughly in the clean, hot water. Even a small amount of soap can reduce the sanitizing effectiveness of the bleach solution.
Soak the clean, rinsed dishes for at least two minutes in the bleach solution. Remove sanitized dishes from the solution and allow the items to air-dry in a clean dish rack.