Removing the battery from a smoke alarm, also called a smoke detector, won't set the unit off and start the fire alarm beeping. Instead, it will likely do the opposite and disable the unit. Because of this, there is really only one reason for you to ever remove the battery and that is to replace it with a fresh one.
Smoke Alarm Power Sources
Smoke alarms draw power in either one of two ways. Some units are battery powered, with either a 9-volt battery or a 10-year lithium battery. Without the battery, neither of these units have the power to go off. Other units get hardwired, meaning they tap into and draw their power from the home or building's electricity. Hardwired alarms often have a battery backup just in case the electrical power goes out. If you take the battery out of one of these units and your power goes out, the alarm will fail to sound and warn you of the danger.
Invalid Battery Removal Reasons
If a smoke alarm repeatedly sounds false alarms or intermittently chirps, many people often remove the battery to silence the noise. Instead of doing this, you should simply remove the cause of the alarm or move the unit itself to a different spot where smoke from cooking or steam from hot showers won't accidentally set it off. You could also open a window to allow in fresh air. A smoke alarm will also chirp or be set off from dust or dead insects that collect inside the unit. Instead of removing the battery, just clean and vacuum out the unit.
When to Remove the Battery From a Smoke Detector
Units that contain 9-volt batteries and backup batteries should get a fresh battery every six months. Many smoke alarm manufacturers and fire safety associations recommend changing the batteries on the same day you reset your clock in accordance with Daylight Savings Time. There is usually no need to replace a 10-year battery because the units themselves last only 10 years. Install a replacement smoke alarm instead.
Whenever you take the battery out of an alarm to replace it, immediately install the new battery before you have the chance to forget. Leaving the battery out of an alarm puts you in danger in case there is an actual fire. If your smoke alarm is chirping even after a battery change and a cleaning, replace the entire unit.