When a laminate floor has been installed correctly, there are no seams between the planks to fill, either along the side joints or the end joints. When gaps develop, it's usually due to a problem with the subfloor of the installation method. Even if they made a sealer for these gaps, you wouldn't want to use it. Besides the fact that such a sealer would probably make a mess of the floor, it wouldn't address the underlying cause of the gaps, which would just get worse.
Sealing the expansion gap around the perimeter of the floor, which is usually covered by baseboard, is a different matter. A sufficiently flexible silicone sealer that allows the flooring to move prevents water from seeping under the flooring and is good protection in areas prone to spills and moisture, such as kitchens and bathrooms. Laminate manufacturers, such as Pergo, provide a sealant for laminate flooring with silicone, and it's as easy to use as silicone caulk.
When to Seal Laminate Flooring
You can seal the perimeter of a laminate floor any time, but the best time to do it is just after you've finished laying the floor and before you install the baseboards. If you've done a correct installation, you've left a 1/4-inch expansion gap around the edges. You may have placed spacers to maintain this gap. It's important to remove the spacers before you seal or install the baseboards.
There's nothing to stop you from sealing the edges of an existing floor, even if it's a few years old, but it involves more work because you have to remove the baseboards to do it. They may be caulked to the wall, so the process can be messy. In a room with a lot of corners, keeping track of the individual pieces can be difficult. It's a good idea to number each baseboard when you remove it so you can remember where it goes.
Sealant for Laminate Flooring with Silicone
A typical sealant comes in a tube and you apply it with a caulking gun, but you may find some foam sealants that you can spray from an aerosol can. Check the floor manufacturer's recommendations for sealant to be sure you get the right one, because not all sealants are compatible with all brands of flooring.
Once the baseboard is off, apply caulk-style sealant as if you were caulking a piece of trim. The material should completely fill the gap, but it should remain below the level of the flooring. There's no need to tool it with your finger, and you don't have to wait for it to set before you replace the baseboards. If you're using spray foam, it may be a little harder to handle, so be sure to read the instructions on the container carefully before you use it.
Sealing the Whole Floor
The best way to prevent water seepage through the joints between planks is to apply a polyurethane laminate floor sealant to the whole floor. This isn't recommended for all brands and it could void the manufacturer's warranty, so be sure to read the manufacturer's recommendations carefully. If the manufacturer doesn't proscribe sealing, it will probably recommend a particular product, and it's best to use that product.
If gaps are evident between the end joints, it's often because the planks are moving lengthwise, and a pu sealer for laminate flooring won't help. The way to fix these gaps is to remove the baseboards and tap the planks lengthwise with a laminate pull bar and a hammer to close the gaps. Apply silicone sealant to the edges of the floor to stop the planks from moving and to prevent the gaps from reappearing.
Chris Deziel is a contractor, builder and general fix-it pro who has been active in the construction trades for 40 years. He has degrees in science and humanities and years of teaching experience. An avid craftsman and musician, Deziel began writing on home improvement topics in 2010. He worked as an expert consultant with eHow Now and Pro Referral -- a Home Depot site. A DIYer by nature, Deziel regularly shares tips and tricks for a better home and garden at Hunker.com.