Homeowners often take for granted the continued operation of the home's electrically powered appliances. These functions only operate if the appliance is connected to an adequate electrical service. Knowing the requirements for an electric range and oven allows the proper electrical service to be installed during the construction process.
Electric ranges and ovens require a line voltage of between 220 and 240 volts at 60 hertz, which is commonly referred to as a 220 volt outlet. A number of outlet configurations are used, and ranges often come without power cords so the homeowner can attach the proper cord to fit the outlet.
Range electrical outlets generally utilize 8-gauge wire if wired to a 40-amp breaker or fuse and 6-gauge wire for circuits with 50-amp breakers or fuses. Check local building codes for specific requirements. The circuit for the electric range should not serve any other appliances. Run the wires directly from the planned position of the range to the breaker or fuse box. Use flexible armored cable for safety.
Depending on the manufacturer's specifications, double ovens often require a 50-amp circuit. Review the specifications of the appliance to confirm it falls within the electrical service capabilities.