Things You'll Need
Compost, peat or activated charcoal
Tiller or shovel
Soil that has too much salt in it keeps many plants from growing properly. The salt in the soil comes from several sources, including irrigation water and fertilizers. Neutralizing the salt is essential if you don't want your choices limited to salt-tolerant plants. Although getting rid of salt in your soil isn't a fast process, you have several options for doing it.
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Adding Organic Matter
Water the affected area two to three days before you plan to add amendments to the soil to give the soil time to dry before beginning the work.
Pour a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost, peat or activated charcoal over the soil.
Turn the additives into the top 6 inches of soil with a tiller or a shovel. The organic matter helps the soil hold water, which dilutes the salt so it's less harmful to plants.
Leaching Out the Salt
Water the area with a sprinkler every few days -- at least once a week -- for an hour or longer using salt-free water to leach the salt out of the top layers of soil. You don't need to get the salt completely out of the soil, but it must soak deep enough in the soil to fall below the root zone of the plants you want in the area. Saturate the soil, but not the point where water stays on the surface.
Place a glass jar near the middle of the affected area so you can measure and track the amount of water you apply. Write down how much you apply during each watering session. It takes about 6 inches of water to remove about 50 percent of the salt in the soil, 12 inches of water removes 80 percent of the salt, and 24 inches to remove 90 percent of the salt.
Mix additives, such as sand, into the top 6 inches of soil using a tiller or shovel to increase drainage; salt soaks deeper into the soil only if the water drains well.
Spread 50 pounds of gypsum over each 100 square feet of soil.
Turn the gypsum into the top 6 inches of soil using a tiller or shovel.
Water the area deeply, at least one hour once per week, to speed the process of leaching the salt out of the soil.
- Government of Saskatchewan: The Nature and Management of Salt-Affected Land In Saskatchewan
- Colorado State University Extension: Managing Saline Soils
- Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development: High Salt Content in Garden Soil
- Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station: De-icing Salts -- Damage to Woody Ornamentals
- University of Florida IFAS Extension: Soils and Fertilizers for Master Gardeners: Tackling Soil Salinity Problems in the Home Landscape
- Texas A&M AgriLife Extension: Managing Soil Salinity
- Lowe's: Soil and Soil Amendments Guide
While studying journalism in the Army and at the University of Missouri, Rob Harris developed a lifelong love of physical fitness and nutrition, contributing often to a dairy industry newsletter. He has also worked with and created blogs for several family businesses including a professional dog kennel and a flower shop, where he used his experience as an avid gardener to grow plants for sale.