Aloe vera or Aloe barbadensis is part of the Liliaceae family. Aloe plants are commonly referred to as the medicinal plant because the gel or sap found inside the leaves is often used medicinally. The clump-forming succulent plant that originated in Africa and the Mediterranean also grows well in USDA plant hardiness zones 8 to 11 outside or in pots indoors in any location. Growing aloe cuttings allows you to produce several new plants from a single leaf.
Use a sharp, sterile knife to make the aloe cuttings during spring or any time the plant is actively growing. Cut the aloe leaf in 3-inch-long sections. Remember which side of each cutting is the top and bottom, or your cuttings will not root.
Keep the new cuttings in a location with indirect lighting. Allow the aloe vera cuttings to form calluses at the point of the cuts in two or more days.
Use planting containers with drainage holes in the bottom. Fill the containers with a special formulated cacti-mix soil. The University of Minnesota recommends using a mixture of equal parts coarse sand and potting soil. Moisten the growing medium.
Stick the aloe cuttings into the soil just deep enough to hold them erect. Gently firm the soil around the cuttings.
Place the aloe vera cuttings in a location with indirect sunlight.
Water the cuttings in three to seven days, then wait until the soil is almost dry to water again. Add water until it comes out the bottom of the containers, but never allow the plants to sit in the water.