Lucky bamboo, or Dracaena sanderiana, is part of the lily family of plants (Liliaceae) and can grow in water without soil, although it does better when planted in a soil-based medium. It prefers indirect light and temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Since the lucky bamboo does not bloom, you can propagate it at any time.

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Place small stones in the vase of water to anchor the plant in place.

Step 1

Cut the top from a healthy lucky bamboo plant. The cutting must be at least 6 inches long and have at least one node in the middle. Cut at a 45-degree angle with a sharp knife or sharp pruning shears.

Step 2

Place vertically in a vase or pot with distilled water. You can also lay the plant down on a tray with moist soil. You must use distilled water, because lucky bamboo cannot tolerate the chemicals commonly found in tap water.

Step 3

Place the plant in indirect sunlight. Change the water every two weeks to prevent algae or mold growth or keep the soil moist, if you use soil.

Step 4

Once the root system has formed, you can plant permanently either in a vase of water and rocks, or in moist soil.