Amaryllis (Amaryllis belladonna) is a sun loving perennial plant that produces highly fragrant flowers late in summer. Amaryllis flowers range in color from light pink to red. The flowers emerge in a on the end of a long stalk. The Amaryllis flowers typically appear before the plant produces the majority of its leaves. This characteristic has led to the plant receiving the nickname "naked lady." Once the blooms begin to fade, wither and die, deadhead amaryllis plants properly to safeguard its health.
Deadhead each Amaryllis bloom as it begins to fade, wither and die. As the blooms die, the plant puts energy into seed production. Seeds form in the bulbous area between the flower and its stem. Seed production utilizes energy that the plant's bulb requires. At the very least, ensure that the dead bloom and bulbous area are detached from the stem.
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The flowers of Amaryllis plants individually attach to the main stalk. They are attached by a thin stem. Carefully grasp the flower and locate its stem. Follow the stem to determine where it attaches to the main flower stalk. Use a clean set of gardening sheers or scissors to cut the stem off as close to the main stalk as possible. Keep the cut as precise as possible. Do not rip or break the stem from the stalk. The open wound leaves the plant vulnerable to disease.
After all of the flowers have died, cut the stalk to within 2 inches of the base of the plant. After flowering, the plant leaves process energy that transfers to the bulb. The amaryllis plant stores energy in the bulb for the following growing season. Amaryllis plants require no further pruning. Do not cut any of the foliage back. Continue to water the plant and allow it to die off naturally as winter approaches.