Although many gardeners search for long-blooming perennial flowers when planning out their garden, there is something to be said for shorter lived flowers. Some types of flowers only bloom for a single day, but the beauty of the flower and the sheer abundance of flowers on the plant more than make up for the shorter life span and will give you a season worth of color.
As the name implies, daylily flowers bloom for a single day before fading. According to the University of Minnesota, these perennials aren't true lilies, but part of the family Hemerocallis. While each large flower lasts only until the sun sets, the plant produces a profusion of buds that last for several months. The flowers of the daylily can be any shade of the rainbow in solid and bi-color varieties. This plant grows in well-drained soil and will tolerate a myriad of conditions but prefers loamy, moist soil in full sun.
Mexican Shell Flower
According to North Carolina State University, the Mexican shell flower will reach only 24 inches tall with green foliage similar to a gladiola. Hardy to from zones 4 to 11, this plant is grown from a bulb. The tri-petal flower blooms in vivid shades of red, white, pink, yellow and scarlet, with a speckled pattern in the base of each petal. The Mexican shell flower, also known as the tiger flower, prefers rich, well-drained but consistently moist soil in full sun.
This wildflower, also known as widow's tears, blooms in the late spring and early summer. According to the Great Plains Nature Center, the stems, leaves and flowers of this plant are edible. The flowers of the spiderwort have three petals and bloom in shades of pink, white, blue or rose. These perennials grow to three feet tall. Spiderworts prefer moist, but not wet, soil and full to partial sun. They are hardy from zones 4 to 9.
Blooming from mid-summer until the first frost, hibiscus flowers are large, papery blooms reaching up to 12 inches in diameter. Although these blooms last only a day, they will provide your late summer garden with a continual show of color in shades of white, pink, red and yellow. According to About Hibiscus, the hardy hibiscus bush can produce up to a hundred blooms in a season. This shrub requires at least six hours of sun a day and prefers well-drained, organic-rich soil. After the hibiscus is established, it can tolerate periods of dry soil, but in the first years, while the root system is forming, it needs consistently moist soil. Hardy hibiscus thrives from zones 4 to 8, but in the colder zones, it needs winter protection.