Asphalt degrades over time, developing cracks, low spots, chips and other imperfections. Resurfacing your asphalt driveway takes manual labor, but rewards you with a crack-free, smooth driveway. The key to a nice resurfaced driveway is properly preparing and cleaning the asphalt beforehand, completing the project at the right time of year and using the right products. Learn the basics to asphalt driveway resurfacing before you take on this home project.
Pull weeds out of cracks in the asphalt by hand. Then sweep the driveway free of weeds, dirt and debris. Alternately, use a leaf blower, recommended by Ron Hazelton, for its ease in getting dirt out of cracks in asphalt.
Prepare a 1:4 solution of bleach to water in a bucket. Then, pour this solution over your driveway. Scrub the mixture over your driveway with a long-handled scrub brush, allowing the bleach mixture to sit for 10 minutes. Wash it away with a hose and then hose down the driveway until you've removed the bleach solution and any lingering debris.
Allow your driveway to dry completely before continuing.
Pour a liquid elastomeric filler into cracks 1/2-inch wide or thinner. Pour the elastomeric filler into the crack, working from the top to the bottom. Ron Hazelton recommends slightly overfilling the crack. Then work a putty knife over the crack, spreading out the elastomeric filler to level the grade. Fix all cracks in this manner.
Patch cracks up to 1-inch wide and dips using trowel grade filler. Coat a putty knife with the trowel grade filler and spread the filler over the crack or dip to fix it.
Open your tub of resurfacer and blend it thoroughly, either by hand or using a paddle mixer. The resurfacer needs to be thoroughly mixed before application to properly work.
Paint the resurfacer onto the edges of your driveway by hand. Ron Hazelton recommends using a 4-inch paintbrush. Once you've coated all of the edges, you can finish the center of the driveway using a squeegee, a much faster method.
Pour resurfacer onto the driveway from the bucket. Using a squeegee, spread the material back and forth over your driveway to coat it. Spread the material evenly in an S-pattern, working from side to side. When you run out of material, stop. Then pour more on the driveway and pick up where you left off.
Let the resurfacer dry thoroughly before using your driveway. Go by the manufacturer's recommended wait time.