If I Have Two Black Electrical Wires, How Can I Tell Which One Is Hot?

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Things You'll Need

  • Protective rubber gloves

  • Multimeter

Tip

As a further test, place the prongs of the multimeter's wires on the bare metal on the ends of the two black wires. You will get a reading if one wire is hot and the other isn’t. However, if both wires are hot, the reading will be zero.

The United States has strict codes relating to home wiring, including clearly defined colors on the outer casing of the wires. Black means hot, white signifies neutral, and green indicates ground. However, if you need to rewire a light switch or a plug socket, you may occasionally come across two black wires. It's essential that you determine which black wire is hot before proceeding. The easiest and safest way is to use a multimeter to test for current.

Step 1

Don a pair of protective rubber gloves before testing to find out which black wire is hot. You may accidentally touch a hot wire and get an electric shock.

Step 2

Set your multimeter to measure voltage. Voltage is the pressure of electricity flowing through a wire, and a hot black wire carries the voltage.

Step 3

Place the prong of the multimeter's red wire on the bare metal on the end of one of the black wires. Don't get confused about using the red wire from the multimeter to test a hot black wire. The positive wire on a multimeter is red, and the black wire is negative.

Step 4

Place the prong of the multimeter's black wire on the bare metal on the end of a white wire, then read the meter. If you get a reading, the black wire is hot; if you don't, the black wire isn't hot.

Step 5

Repeat the test on the other black wire to test if it's hot. If you get a reading, the black wire is hot; if you don't get a reading, the wire isn't hot.

references

Stephen Benham

Stephen Benham has been writing since 1999. His current articles appear on various websites. Benham has worked as an insurance research writer for Axco Services, producing reports in many countries. He has been an underwriting member at Lloyd's of London and a director of three companies. Benham has a diploma in business studies from South Essex College, U.K.