There is only one reason for a refrigerator to blow a fuse in your fuse box. This happens when the circuit overloads. Fuses are designed to break an internal wire when the circuit draws too much power. This keeps the circuit from overheating and causing a fire. Refrigerators, in general, do not have a lot of electronics that could draw enough power to blow a fuse. However, before you can stop the problem, you must troubleshoot to determine why it happens.
Check the fuse box, and locate the AMP rating of the fuse connected to the refrigerator's circuit. For example, if you have a 15-amp breaker installed, you must have less than 15 amps of draw. The amp rating is usually located on the fuse.
Unscrew the fuse from the fuse box, and locate every outlet and light that no longer works.
Check the product sticker on each item to determine the amp draw. Add the total up. If the total surpasses the total amp rating of the breaker or fuse, the refrigerator likely blows the fuse or trips the breaker when the compressor turns on. To remedy this, replace the fuse with a fuse rated high enough to power the total circuit or eliminate items from the circuit permanently. If this is not the problem, move to the next step.
Inspect the power cord and the electrical outlet. If the electrical outlet has black soot coming out of the plug holes, replace the outlet with a new one. To do this, turn off the circuit at the fuse box. Remove the screw that holds the cover plate onto the outlet, and then remove the screws that hold the outlet into the gang box. Pull the outlet out of the box, and then loosen the wire terminals with a screwdriver. Reconnect the wires to the terminals on a new outlet. Make sure that you place each wire in the same location. Secure the outlet to the gang box, mount the cover plate and plug the refrigerator back in. If this does not resolve the issue, consult a repair center to have the internals of your refrigerator inspected.