How Does a Range Vent Hood Work?

Range vent hoods are mounted to the ceiling or wall above a stovetop cooking surface. They are typically big enough to encompass the perimeter of the stovetop surface. A hood will be made of metal, and may either be hammered, painted, enameled or otherwise finished to match the design of the kitchen. The hood is designed and shaped to trap and funnel fumes into the unit.

Range Vent Hood Basics

Standard Operation

As fumes rise from food cooked on the range top, the hood collects and funnels them to the center of the unit. Electric fans mounted inside the unit pull the fumes in and move them in one of two manners. First, fumes may be pushed through duct work to the exterior of the building and vented. Second, fumes may be pushed through filters that scrub the fumes, removing grease and odors, and vent them back into the room. Typically, a hood will have a selector switch that allows the user to adjust the speed of the fan inside the unit.

Design and Dominance

As kitchens change and evolve, so do the appliances within them. This holds true for vent hoods, which have evolved moved from small, obscure objects to large kitchen centerpieces. Made of a variety of materials, including stainless steel and copper, some hoods are almost focal points of the kitchen, and are mounted over large cooking surfaces. Hoods may be manufactured to match almost any decor and blend with any design.

Tara Dooley

Tara Dooley has written for various websites since 2008. She has worked as an accountant, after-school director and retail manager in various locations. Dooley holds a Bachelor of Science in business management and finance.