What Are the Settings on a Pellet Stove?

Pellet stoves are a good way to heat areas of your home without the mess of a fireplace. Pellet stoves allow for a clean, automated fire heating system that can be placed in areas of high use in your home, allowing the unit to heat only used areas of your house, versus using central heating, which will target the entire home. All Pellet stoves are similar in operation and controls, so knowing what the controls do will help you to understand the ramifications of installing a pellet stove in your home.

On/Off Switch

If you have an automatic pellet stove, simply setting it to the "On" position will cause the pellets to ignite and begin to produce heat. Automatic Pellet stoves typically have a visual indicator to show that the stove is in the ignition stage, which is usually indicated by the power light blinking. Once the ignition stage is over, the light will change to indicate that the feed rate advancement can be changed to raise or lower the heat output. Manual pellet stoves must be turned on to start; pellet starter material or gel then can be used to ignite the pellets.

Fan Speed

A pellet stove heats the air in the spaces surrounding the burning area, and a fan blows the heated air into your house. Pellet stoves typically have three to four speed settings, allowing you to control the rate at which the heated air is distributed into your home as well as the volume. Higher fan speeds tend to be louder; the main reason for lowering the fan speed is to better hear when watching TV or entertaining guests.

Fuel Feed Control

The fuel feed control determines the rate at which pellets are ignited and deposited into the stove from the pellet reservoir, also known as the hopper. The higher the fuel feed rate, the hotter your fire will burn, giving you some control over the temperature of your fire.

Air Inlet

The air inlet setting on a pellet stove permits you to allow more or less air into the unit. When allowing more air into the pellet stove, temperatures will be hotter. The air inlet setting gives you more control over the temperature of the fire in the stove.