The idea of the mattress and box springs on the floor conjure up images of college days when buying a proper bed was simply out of the budget. While many people may prefer to have a bed that sits higher than the ground, this arrangement is the bedding choice for a number of people for a variety of reasons.
The simple answer to the question of whether or not you can put your bed's box springs directly on the floor without a metal frame is 'yes'. Many people have done so for a variety of reasons, which should be considered when working with this type of bedroom set up.
Although the ideal for many would-be decorators is to have a bed complete with bed frame, this isn't always possible. Some of the reasons for putting just a mattress and box spring on the floor include budget—you may not be able to afford a full bed—having a low ceiling and the height of the other furniture you have in the room. These are factors that have more to do with money and decorating styles than on considerations like safety. However, according to "Apartment Therapy," in keeping with the traditions of Montessori education, some parents opt to put their child's first bed on the floor; this makes the transition of going from crib to bed easier. It allows the child to get into and out of her bed by her own power.
The bed-on-the-floor decorating solution solves a few decorating problems. However, it also creates some. Chief among these is the threat that the bed will scratch a hard wood floor or snag a carpet. But a rug with a rug pad solves these problems easily. When selecting a rug for this purpose, make sure that the width of the rug fits at least under the outside edges of the bed. Ideally, the edges of the rug should stick out an inch or two on all sides of the bed. This ensures that the mattress and box spring rest squarely on the throw rug and not the floor itself.
Just because the bed sits on the floor doesn't mean that you must skimp on style. Because of its size, the bed typically functions as the room's focal point. It draws the eye and helps visually center the rest of the decor in the room. To ensure that your bed plays this role despite its diminished height, take steps to make the bed visually appealing. To start off with, cover the box spring with at least a fitted sheet so that the material covering the box springs doesn't show. You can go one step further by adding a dust ruffle to the box springs before you place the mattress on top of them. Hang artwork on the walls above the bed and have side tables as you normally would; however, these should be in proportion to the bed itself.