Pressure Ratings for a Schedule 80 Black Iron Pipe

Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Learn more about our affiliate and product review process here.
Metal pipes.
Image Credit: SafakOguz/iStock/Getty Images

Schedule 80 black iron pipe is made from wrought steel. It is a step up in strength from Schedule 40 pipe and is usually used in high-pressure or high-temperature applications, such as transferring steam or natural gas.


Factors Influencing Pressure Rating

Pipes close up.
Image Credit: Kajdi Szabolcs/iStock/Getty Images

The burst pressure of a pipe is defined as twice its wall thickness, times the tensile strength in pounds per square inch (PSI) divided by the outside diameter of the pipe. Because the strength and thickness of Schedule 80 pipe don't change much by size, the rule of thumb is that the smaller the diameter of the pipe, the higher the service and burst pressures for which it is rated.


Video of the Day

Small, High-Pressure Pipe.

Small pipes.
Image Credit: MEHMET CAN/iStock/Getty Images

The smallest typical sections of Schedule 80 pipe run from 1/2 inch to 1 1/2 inches in diameter. Pipe with a 1/2-inch diameter has a service pressure of 1,750 PSI and a burst pressure of 14,000 PSI. On the other hand, 1 1/2-inch pipe is rated for a service pressure of 1,040 PSI and burst pressure of 8,420 PSI.


Intermediate Size Pipe

Intermediate black pipes.
Image Credit: dimdimich/iStock/Getty Images

Larger Schedule 80 pipe that is used for internal installation ranges from 2 inches to 3 1/2 inches in diameter. A 2-inch pipe is rated for 920 PSI of continuous service pressure and will burst at 7,340 PSI. Pipes 3 1/2 inches in diameter have a service rating of 990 PSI and a burst pressure of 7,950 PSI.


Large Pipe

Large black pipes.
Image Credit: Wilfried Schmitz/iStock/Getty Images

At 4 inches in diameter and above, Schedule 80 pipe is specified in whole-inch measurements, all the way up to 18 inches. This pipe is usually used for long distance distribution of pressurized liquids; pressure ratings do not vary from size to size to the extent found in smaller pipes. At 12 inches in diameter, the pipe has a service pressure of 490 PSI and a bursting pressure of 3,910 PSI.



Report an Issue

screenshot of the current page

Screenshot loading...