What Is the Best Climate for Growing Soybeans?

Soybeans are a major crop in the United States and elsewhere in the world. Used in an increasing variety of products, soybeans will grow in many different climates, but like most plants, they do best within a certain range.

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Soybeans are adaptable to a wide range of climates.

Climate

Soybeans are usually grown in cool, temperate regions like the midwestern United States and southern Canada, but tropical climates like Indonesia also produce soybeans. This crop can grow almost anywhere with a warm growing season, ample water, and sunlight.

Temperature

Soybeans are usually planted when the soil temperature is between 55 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit, and a hard frost is unlikely. Soybeans can be damaged by subfreezing temperatures, but they are less tender than several other crops, such as corn. Soybeans also need a growing season with temperatures between 70 and 95 F.

Soil

Soybeans are highly adaptable and will grow in most soils, although they can have trouble in heavy clay. The best soil is loose, rich loam that is moist but well drained.