If you have a fruit tree that bears tasty fruit and you would like to have another, consider growing a second fruit tree from a cutting of the original. Fruit trees propagate through seed and branch cuttings. While propagation from seed depends on the viability and germination of the seed in soil, propagation by branch depends on the ability of a branch to root. A cutting taken from the healthiest portion of a fruit tree will often yield a clone of the original within just a few months.
Cut a young, healthy branch from your fruit tree using a sharp knife or pair of pruning shears. Cut the branch on a 45-degree angle.
Peel the bark from the bottom third of the branch cutting, using the edge of your knife blade. Fill a drinking glass with lukewarm water and allow the cutting to soak for approximately five minutes.
Fill a 6-inch pot with damp organic potting soil while the branch cutting is soaking in the water. Push a pencil into the center of the soil, creating a hole that is at least 4 inches deep.
Pour a small amount of liquid rooting hormone into a second glass and dip the branch cutting into it briefly. Push the lower third of the branch into the prepared hole in the potting soil. Pat the soil firmly around the branch cutting.
Place the entire pot into a plastic bag and secure the top with a knot or twist tie. Place the bag in a cool, dark place. Open the plastic bag every two to three days to check the soil. If the soil feels dry, mist it with lukewarm water from a spray bottle.
Leave the branch cutting in the plastic bag until it begins to show signs of new growth--leaves and shoots. Remove the plastic bag and place the new fruit tree in a window that receives bright, indirect sunlight. Maintain moist soil as the new fruit tree grows.