Sundews are beautiful, carnivorous plants that eat insects. Carnivorous plants are usually found in one or two regions, but the approximately 130 species of sundew plants grow all over the world.

Common Sundew
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common sundew.

Orgin of the Name

Common sundew (Drosera rotundifolia) macro photo
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The plant has long colorful tentacles.

The name "sundew" is derived from a gel on the plant's tentacles that glistens in the sunlight. The flowers of sundews range from white, to pink, to brilliant red, purple, or orange. The long sundew stem holds the flowers above the leaves so they will attract pollinators.

Perennials or Annuals

Flesh eating veggies
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There are different types of sundew.

Perennial sundews usually dwell in tropical areas. They grow leaves year-round and live for more than two years. Another type of sundew is considered an annual plant, because its seeds develop into new plants for the following year.

Eat Mosquitoes

Fork-Leaved Sundew
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These plants secrete a sticky gel.

Sundews ooze a sticky gel on the ends of fine hairs that hold down an insect, making escape impossible. Sundews eat flies, midges and fruit flies; the larger sundews also eat butterflies, moths, mosquitoes and spiders. The gel acts like an acid to dissolve the internal organs of the insects, turning them into a liquid that the plant can use to feed itself.

Self-Pollinating

sundew
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The plants may self pollinate.

When sundews don't capture insects, the flowers self-pollinate. Sundews produce large amounts of tiny black seeds that germinate with moisture and light. Seeds of the tuberous species of sundew require a hot, dry summer followed by a cool, most winter to germinate.

Some Sundews Hibernate

Flowers of sundew
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Most sundews are perrennials.

Most sundews are perennials, but to stay healthy they need a winter rest of 4 to 5 months at temperatures of 38 to 45 degrees F. Portions of the sundew will die back to a rootball, and revive in the spring.