Are you ready to plant emerald cedar trees on your property? A type of eastern arborvitae or American white cedar, the emerald cedar (Thuja occidentalis 'Smaragd') grows to 15 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet wide. Often planted close together to form tall hedges, it has a narrow, conical shape when planted alone.
Reputed to keep its emerald hue better than most other evergreens in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 to 8, it does so most dependably in humid climates. Because "smaragd" is the Danish word for emerald, the tree is often sold under the cultivar names 'Emerald' or 'Emerald Green.'
Step 1: Dig a Trench or Hole
Dig a trench for the cedars on a site with full sun and rich, loamy, well-drained soil if you want to make a hedge of closely planted emerald cedar trees. Make that trench as deep as the cedars' root balls and whatever length you wish the hedge to be. If you're only planting a single cedar, dig a hole as deep as the tree's root ball and three times its width.
Step 2: Add Bone Meal
Drop one handful of bone meal per tree into the trench or hole beneath where that tree will go, and work it into the soil.
Step 3: Space Emerald Cedar Trees
Place cedars for hedging in the trench, still in their pots, so their trunks are 2 feet apart. Use a measuring tape so the trees will be evenly spaced. If you need to determine how far from a neighboring tree a single, freestanding cedar should be planted, add the mature width of both trees together and divide it by half.
Step 4: Loosen Root Balls
Knock the cedars' pots lightly against the ground to loosen the root balls so that they slide out easily. If they don't emerge easily, cut away their plastic pots with a sharp knife. Leave the burlap on balled and burlapped trees, as that material decays quickly in the soil.
Step 5: Uncoil the Roots
Uncoil and tease apart any roots that appear to have been circling the pot. Cut back, with sharp pruning shears, any that now extend below the original root ball.
Step 6: Position the Trees
Set the root balls of the cedars over the bone meal, and continue until all of them are in place. Remove any ropes or wires that might be securing the burlap.
Step 7: Cover With Soil
Shovel soil back into the trench or hole until it is half filled. Stop shoveling and pack the soil down firmly around the roots, either stepping on it or tamping it with gloved hands. Water those roots thoroughly with a hose. Continue adding more soil until the trench or hole is full and water the cedars again.
Step 8: Top With Mulch
Spread 2 to 4 inches of an organic material, such as wood chips, over the soil, but keep that landscape mulch at least a couple inches away from the trunks. Water immediately after planting, making sure to saturate the roots. Keep the planting site moist but not soggy for the first four weeks after planting and while the roots establish themselves into the planting site. Thereafter, make sure the cedars get at least 1 inch of water per week.
- Washington State University Clark County Extension: Emerald Green Arborvitae
- Art’s Nursery: How to Grow Cedars: Arborvitae
- The National Gardening Association: Arborvitaes: Plant Care and Collection of Varieties
- University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources: Safe and Poisonous Garden Plants: Toxic Plants (by Common Name)
- Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States: Northern White Cedar: Thuja occidentalis L.
A former master gardener with a Bachelor of Arts in writing from Houghton College, Audrey Stallsmith has had three gardening-related mysteries published by WaterBrook Press, a division of Random House. Her articles or photos have also appeared in such publications as Birds & Blooms, Horticulture and Backwoods Home.