Wood stoves can be a cost effective source of household heat in the winter. A stone veneer back wall can offer all of the lasting beauty and elegance of a fireplace, as well as hide an all important safety feature. A 1-inch air ventilation space is necessary to avoid a buildup of dangerous levels of heat that can cause a devastating fire. A small amount of natural flat stone and quick drying cement will save you money and quite possibly your home.
Check with the wood stove manufacturer to determine the recommended distance between the back wall and the stove.
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Locate the wall studs along the back wall using a stud finder. Mark them with a marker or masking tape.
Attach one-inch non-conductive ceramic spacers 6 inches apart along the vertical length of each side of the area where you will be building the stone veneer wall. Anchor the spacers into wall studs.
Measure a thin strip of sheet metal to serve as the foundation of the stone veneer wall. Trim with tin snips and secure to the floor using galvanized nails.
Spread out a plastic drop cloth and make separate piles for the various sizes of flat stone. Mix a batch of quick set concrete for the project. The concrete should have the consistency of a thick soup.
Apply a thin layer of concrete with the trowel and begin layering the stones. Carefully construct each layer as even as possible. Every 1 ½ feet to 2 feet place a metal wall tie over the stones and bend the end up against the wall. Screw them into the wall stud using a drill with a screwdriver bit.
Spread a thin layer of concrete over the stones and the end of the wall tie resting on the stone. Cover with the next layer of stones. This will anchor and stabilize the stonewall. Provide an inch of ventilation space between the top of the stone wall and the ceiling.