Meyer lemon tree is a beautiful, dwarf tree compact enough for an apartment balcony but still bearing full-sized fruit within the first two years. Dark, glossy leaves are evergreen and small white flowers bloom year-round. Meyer lemon is hardy from zones 8 to 11 but can also be grown inside. Depending on the container size, this tree can reach up to 8 feet high but responds well to pruning and will grow as an ornamental. Meyer lemon trees need well-drained but organic-rich soil and full sun.
Choose a pot large enough to give your Meyer lemon tree roots room to spread. Fill the bottom of your pot with a 2-inch layer of crushed stone to improve drainage. Fill pot 1/3 full of potting soil.
Score the roots of the lemon tree to promote growth and bury it at the same depth it was planted in its previous pot. Layer with 2 inches of compost. Water well.
Place your Meyer lemon tree in a location where it will receive at least six hours of sun every day. In warm climates, it will need afternoon shade.
Water frequently but allow the soil to dry slightly between watering. Never let your lemon tree remain in standing water.
Feed your tree with a fertilizer specifically designed for citrus plants once a month between April and September.
Prune as needed to maintain your lemon tree's shape. Clip off any branches that are too long. Remove branches growing toward the trunk of the tree instead of away from it. This will maintain air flow between the branches.
Snip off budding fruit, leaving only one per branch, for larger lemons.
Bring your Meyer lemon tree indoors once temperatures drop below freezing. Place in a south-facing window that will receive sunlight at least six hours a day. Continue to water as needed but do not fertilize. Your tree can be returned outside when all danger of frost has passed.