Natives of Africa, aloe plants can now be found around the world. Aloe is a type of cactus and is semi-tropical. Aloe plants are very sensitive to frost and must be grown in the correct lighting conditions. In order to get the most from your plant, you must pay attention to how much sunlight or artificial light your plant receives. This will allow you to keep your plant thriving inside your house or in your garden.
Inside the House
In the house, an aloe plant will need bright and direct light. As a desert cactus, it needs direct sunlight most of the day. Place aloe plants no more than 5 feet from a window that faces west or east. If there are a lot of cloudy or overcast days, supply artificial lighting when necessary.
If your plant seems to be scorched or withering from too much sun, you can remove it from the direct sunlight for part of the day. The plant can also be grown in partial shade, but it should still be exposed to light for most of the day. The entire surface of the plant, which can be large, should enjoy sunlight, and you should expose the lower area and roots to the light, or to light shade, as often as possible.
Lighting in Winter
Your aloe plant probably will not need constant bright light in winter because it is somewhat dormant in the cold months. The plant will have done its feeding and growing in the summer season, but giving it light a portion of the day during the winter season will allow it to survive and remain healthy throughout the winter months.
If you are considering moving your plant from within the house to a direct position in the sun outside, you should make this move gradually. Your plant can easily sunburn if you move it outside too quickly, so start by placing your plant in the shade. You can then move it into direct sunlight for a portion of the day, and then increase the sunlight gradually over the course of about two weeks.