Vertical climate zones are tropical regions which indicate specific patterns of elevated growth in Latin America countries. Vertical climate zones come in three types: tierra caliente, tierra templada and tierra fría.


Vertical climate refers to the pattern of weather in a region whose growth patterns are primarily affected by elevation. In vertical climate zones, the climate becomes colder as the elevation increases.


Vertical climate zones occur in the parts of Latin America uninhabited by rainforests or deserts. This includes parts of northern Mexico, central and southern portions of South America and northeastern Brazil. These areas are characterized by cool winters, hot summers and light rainfall.


Tierra caliente, the vertical climate zone with elevations up to 2,500 feet, primarily produces cacao, sugar, bananas and rice. Tierra templada are vertical climate zones which produce coffee and corn as the main crops and range from 2,500 feet to 6,000 feet. Barley and potatoes grow well in tierra fría, the vertical climate zone of 6,500 to 10,000 feet.