When summer is in full swing, your pets spend all day enjoying the beautiful weather. Unfortunately, so do fleas. During the warm season, fleas thrive outdoors and your pets can bring them inside without you noticing until it's too late. Once these tiny pests decide to invade your home, traditional insect fogging will only kill the adult fleas. In a couple of weeks, you'll see a new infestation as the flea eggs left behind begin to hatch. In order to rid your home and your pets of all fleas, you must approach extermination methodically, killing not only the fleas but also keeping any eggs from hatching.
Vacuum before you exterminate. Unfortunately, even the best insecticides have a tough time reaching all the nooks and crannies in your home, so the first step is to vacuum your carpet and upholstery thoroughly. In addition, run your vacuum over the bare floors and use the wand attachment to go over the curtains.
Treat your entire home with an insecticide that contains an Insect Growth Regulator (IGR). Commercial insecticides contain IGR's but you can also purchase them in consumer products, designed for use by the homeowner. Read the label to ensure that you purchase enough of the product to do your entire home (see Resources).
Fog your home. After spraying the correct insecticide on all surfaces where flea eggs could hide, it's time to kill the adult fleas. Plan to do these two steps in succession. While foggers will kill the adult fleas, they will not kill the eggs or fleas in the larvae stage, so fog only after you've treated your home with the IRG spray.
Isolate your animals in order to remove adult fleas and their eggs before letting them back inside the house. Cats and dogs are the main carriers of fleas and once your pet becomes a flea motel, it takes consistent treatment to kill the adult fleas and stop the eggs from hatching. Bypass flea collars, dips and shampoos from the store because most are temporary fixes and some may even harm your pet.
See your veterinarian for a topical flea treatment that you administer once a month to your pet's skin to prevent fleas and other insects. These treatments last for a month and any fleas that bite your pet will perish. It's the only reliable way to protect your pet from bringing in more fleas that will lay eggs (see Resources). One of the best way to elimiate flea eggs is to rid your house and pets of an adult infestation.