Borax is actually hydrated sodium borate. In some instances, borax has the potential to suppress metabolic processes. As a result they can be used to keep insects at bay, as well as control bacteria and fungi.

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Metabolising

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Bleaching

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Because of borax's structure and how it bonds, it aids in cleaning products.

Inhibiting

Borax forms a coating on objects that contain iron and prevents the metal from corroding.

Buffering

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Borax has chemical attributes that have the ability to balance acid and alkaline. For example, it is used in detergents, film processing solutions and fireworks.

Flame-Proofing

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Borax can be combined with zinc to prevent fire and smoke in electrical cable coatings. It is also used in cellulose insulation.