Instructions for Old Top Loading Washing Machines

Washing machines are specially designed to wash laundry quickly and conveniently. The term usually only refers to machines that use water to wash clothes as opposed to other liquids that are used in the process of dry cleaning. Washing machines typically use a combination of mechanical energy, thermal energy and chemical action to clean clothes. Top-loading and front-loading washing machines are available, both with their own benefits and drawbacks.

Top vs. Front Loaders

Top loaders are more popular than front loaders in the United States, but the opposite is true in Europe. This is because top and front loaders have very different characteristics that cater to different preferences and needs.

In general, top loaders have a greater capacity than front loaders. They also tend to wash a full load of laundry in a shorter time. The downside of top loaders is that they use more energy than front loaders and tend to be noisier during the washing process. Therefore, top loaders are typically used more in commercial settings in Europe than in homes. Also, many people find front loaders more convenient for homes because they can be placed under counters or integrated and concealed into cabinets, making them more space efficient.

Before Washing

Sort your clothes by colors and fabrics to achieve the best results when you put them in the washing machine. Separate your clothes into light- and dark-colored piles at the very least, because the different colors require different settings. This is also the case for light and heavy fabrics.

Put detergent into your washing machine before adding the clothes. Also, when putting clothes in your top-load machine, do not to pack it too tightly, or it could cause the agitator in the middle of the machine to slow down or jam completely. Also add fabric softener and bleach to the clothes according to the instructions on the package–preferably softener and bleach designed to work with the machine you own.


Before you start your top-loading washing machine, check that none of your clothes contain loose metal objects or other items. Keeping these out of your washing machine will help it last longer.

Set your washing machine according to the color, fabric type, durability, weight and size of the load that you are going to wash. For example, colored fabrics should be washed with cold water, just in case the colors run. Also, wash lighter and delicate fabrics at a slower setting so that your clothes aren't ruined or worn out prematurely.