A sand-point well, also known as a driven-point well, can be installed without heavy machinery. In areas with a shallow water table and a sand and gravel base under the topsoil, a drive point resembling a steel spear wrapped with a screen is attached to narrow-diameter pipe and driven into the ground. The screen around the point prevents sand from entering the well casing once it is driven into an aquifer. These wells are most efficient in areas where the water table is no more than 25 feet deep.
Choose a location for the well.
Dig a hole 18 to 30 inches deep with the post-hole digger or shovel.
Attach a length of pipe to the drive point. Tighten the joint securely with pipe wrenches.
Attach the driving cap to the open end of the pipe.
Hold the driving point with the pipe and cap attached upright in the hole. Check the positioning of the pipe with a level. The pipe should enter the ground at a 90-degree angle.
Drive the point into the ground with a sledgehammer or post driver. When the driving cap is 12 inches above the ground, remove the drive cap. Attach an additional length of pipe with a coupling. Attach the drive cap to the open end of the pipe.
Continue to drive the well until the point is 5 to 10 feet into the water table.