How Refrigeration Systems Work

Refrigeration revolutionized human society by allowing foods to be stored longer. To this date, refrigerators operate on a continuous cycle with four steps: compression, absorption, expansion and condensation.

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Constant circulation of air drives all refrigeration systems.

Compression

The first step in the refrigeration cycle is compression, where the system forces vapors into a small space and causes them to heat up.

Absorption

After the compression finishes, coils absorb heat from the vapors, reducing their temperature.

Condensation

Once the vapor temperature decreases, a throttling device further removes heat and applies pressure until the vapor becomes liquid.

Evaportation

Finally, the fluid evaporates and once again becomes gas. The cold temperature is directed to the refrigerated area, while the remaining gas is cycled back into the system, starting the process once again.