Identifying tree nuts and their seeds can be beneficial when you have a new garden to plant or lawn to landscape. You may desire a small tree like the typical 30-foot almond tree, or you may have plenty of room for a 120-foot walnut tree. Being able to acknowledge which seeds belong to which trees is necessary when planting; some trees require a stratification period to germinate, some do not.
Examine the color and shape of the nut. Pine nuts are a pale tan color, while pecans are a dark, mahogany colored nut. Cashews have the well-known curved shaped, and the almond holds a teardrop figure. Write down your findings.
Evaluate the size and weight of the nut. The pistachio nut is very light and airy, rounded dime-size nut. Cashews, on the other hand, are large and heavy, taking up the area of a half-dollar piece when inside the shell. Note the size and weight on the paper.
Feel the nut for softness and shell strength. Both the hickory nut and the walnut are encased within a strong, thick outer shell that is difficult to penetrate without a nutcracker. The chestnut has a smooth, seamless shell, while the hazelnut is rough and rigid. Write out the texture conclusion on your paper.
Smell and taste the nut. A macadamia nut will have the scent and flavor in comparison to a coconut. The almond is a mild flavored nut, the pistachio can be quite nutty and salty, and the hickory has a potent, lush flavor. Write down your findings.
Compare your notes to the descriptions and pictures in the guide book to nuts listed in the reference section below. Determine, by size, color, shape and taste, which nut yours is.