While all recliners move, the difference between a recliner and a motion recliner in furniture industry speak is that the motion recliner moves beyond the reclining position. The type of recliner you need depends on how you want your chair to move and the amount of space you have.
A swivel recliner allows the user to swivel from side to side. A swivel-motion recliner typically has at least one stop that prevents the chair from turning a full 360 degrees. A swivel recliner requires enough room space to recline and rotate to its stop(s).
A glider recliner moves forward and backward on gliders. Glider-motion recliners normally require more space than recline-only chairs.
Rocker recliners rock and recline. Depending on the style of the chair, it may have stops that prevent if from rocking while the user reclines the chair. A rocker recliner typically requires no more space than is necessary to recline the chair.
A combination-motion recliner moves in two or more ways along with reclining. A glider-rocker recliner glides and rocks, while a swivel-rocker recliner swivels and rocks.
Recliners without additional motion other than reclining come in a variety of styles. A wall recliner does not require as much space as a traditional recliner because the seat slides forward and the tilt is minimal. Chaise recliners lean back and do not leave a gap between the body of the chair and the footrest.