Instructions on How to Assemble a Metal Futon Bunk Bed

The difference between a metal futon bunk bed frame and a standard metal futon bunk bed frame is the mattress platforms. Many standard bunk beds mount mattresses on rails, using the frame of the mattress itself to provide rigidity. A futon would fall through this kind of frame, so the mattress platform is usually a single piece, often a grid of tubes. Beyond that, assembling a futon bunk bed is very similar to assembling a standard bunk bed. It's a process that should take less than an hour for basic models.

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Parts and Tools

Lay out and check all the parts that came in the box, then gather the tools you'll need for assembly. Typical tools for the job include a flathead screwdriver, Phillips head screwdriver, Allen (hex) wrench, crescent or socket wrench, and pliers. Many kits that need Allen wrenches will include an appropriately-sized Allen wrench among the components.

Set Up End Frames

Most futon bunk bed kits include end frames that are a single piece each. Set both of these up approximately where they will be once the bed is assembled.

Install Bottom Mattress Platform

For each hole in the end frames where the bottom bunk will be mounted, slide a bolt through with the head on the outer side of the frame. Maneuver the bottom bunk's mattress support frame into position on all the bolts (typically four or eight). Screw the nuts onto the bolts until they're difficult to turn by hand.

Install Upper Mattress Platform

For each hole in the end frames where the top bunk will be mounted, slide a bolt through with the head on the outer side of the frame. Maneuver the bottom bunk's mattress support frame into position on all the bolts. Screw the nuts onto the bolts until they're difficult to turn by hand.

Finishing

Use the appropriate tools to tighten down all the bolts in the frame. Typically, this will mean holding the head still with a screwdriver or Allen wrench while you turn the nut with a wrench or pliers. Once the frame is sturdy, put the two futon mattresses in place.