Bugs are often found in areas of the home that have an abundance of food, dirty dishes in sinks and garbage, such as the kitchen. Small black bugs in the kitchen may be a sign of a more serious infestation in your cabinets or pantry. Combining cleanliness with chemical controls is the key to preventing insect infestations.
Cockroaches are found in many homes across America. The oriental cockroach is dark brown or jet black in color. The males have wings and the female oriental cockroach only has small wing pads. These cockroaches typically favor damp, cool places to live, such as underneath kitchen sinks. Black ants are also common kitchen pests. The black carpenter ant is usually found where moisture occurs frequently, such as underneath kitchen sinks, around poorly sealed windows and in bathrooms. Carpenter ants may come indoors to forage for food.
Cockroaches are carriers of disease and can ruin food. Some people are allergic to cockroach excrement and develop respiratory illnesses from exposure to it. These pests can also damage your home by feeding on paper and fabric. All cockroaches are most active at night, which is when they are usually seen. Black carpenter ants do not usually bite humans but can damage wood by tunneling. Ants usually begin in the yard and move indoors in search of food.
Reducing cockroaches indoors requires the elimination of food and water sources through proper sanitation. Do not allow water to remain in your kitchen sink for long periods, tighten leaky kitchen pipes and avoid over-watering your houseplants because roaches can use this as a water source. Seal all food in your kitchen tightly, and keep pet food in a container with a tight-fitting lid. Keep all areas where people in your house eat swept and vacuumed regularly. Keeping ants out of your kitchen requires locating and finding their nest outdoors and eliminating it. Caulk all cracks in your windowsills and around baseboards to keep ants out. Place tight-fitting thresholds on your doors to keep ants from coming in underneath the door.
Both cockroaches and ants can be controlled with baits, which are placed in areas of infestation. When the insect eats the bait, he eventually dies. Some insect sprays labeled for ants and roaches can help kill live bugs in your kitchen. Granular formations can be sprinkled outdoors as a barrier treatment, keeping insects from coming inside your home.