Describe the Process of Pollination & Fertilization in Flowering Plants

Flowering plants must go through pollination to produce seeds that will grow. Some flowers will be pollinated by flowers on the same plant and others will require another plant of the same kind to pollinate.

Flower garden
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Flower garden

Reproductive Parts

Lavender Cosmos, close-up
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Closeup of cosmos bipinnatus stamen

Like all living forms flowers will have either male reproductive parts, female reproductive parts or both. The male reproductive part is called the stamen and pollen is created here. The pistil, the female reproductive part, holds the ovule where the seeds will be formed.

Pollination

Hibiscus flower
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Hibiscus flower

Pollination takes place when pollen is transferred from the anther, found on the stamen, to the pistil. Some self-pollinating flowers will have both male and female parts and pollination takes place in the flower. Other flowers rely on wind and living organisms to transfer the pollen from male flower to female flower.

Fertilization

Close-up view of a sunflower
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Sunflower closeup

Once the flower has been pollinated the pollen must travel down the style of the pistil and into the ovule. Pollen will fertilize the ovule and then seeds will be formed.