Soil Types for Construction

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Site-specific soil analysis is recommended before construction begins.

Careful consideration of the soil-type specific to your building site will help to ensure the stability of your foundation and integrity of your house for years to come. Unstable soil will need to be stabilized, most likely through mechanical compaction, and at a potentially high price. Obtain geo-technical surveys first and foremost, to determine whether your chosen site is practical or cost prohibitive.

Cohesive Soils

Comprised of silt and clay, this soil type, without proper assessment and alteration may prove a real problem as a foundation due to its tendency to shrink and swell. Careful drainage methods must be considered, because clay's dense, tightly bound nature is impenetrable by water when compacted. In some cases, clay or silt would need to be removed before building. In others, soil amendments and subsoil analysis may ensure structural integrity. Consider associated costs involved with cohesive soil foundations before proceeding.

Granular Soils

Including soils with high sand and/or gravel content, granular soils are generally suitable for building, considering that they are still penetrable by water upon compaction. The installation of a containment wall may be necessary to prevent shifting. Particle size is important in the consideration of granular soils. Consult your local geological survey experts before building.

Organic Soils

Including marshy soils and soils high in peat content and decaying vegetable matter, organic soils are generally not recommended for building a foundation on. Organic soils tend to absorb and hold excessive moisture and exhibit sponge-like consistency. For this reason, geological surveys will generally steer you clear of building on such a site.


Beth Berry

Hailing from Austin, Texas, Beth Berry has been writing since 1995 about sustainable farming, fiber arts and parenting. She brings expertise in organic gardening, landscape design and domestic arts to her writing. Berry holds a Bachelor of Science in environmental science from Abilene Christian University and is a master seamstress.