Things You'll Need
Cup wheel grinder
Drill with mixing paddle
Regardless if you are planning to install carpet, vinyl, ceramic tile, natural stone or a laminate floor, the concrete base needs to be flat, if not level, before you can begin the installation. Smoothing down a concrete floor may seem like a daunting task, but the reality is that it's a fairly straightforward process that you can complete with a variety of different tools. While not necessarily difficult, it is a dusty and dirty task, but once you are finished, your floor will be ready for whatever installation you need to use.
Open any windows or doors to the outside in whatever area you need to prep. Seal off any doors to lived-in or worked-in areas with plastic sheeting. Cut the sheeting to overlap the doorways by at least 6 inches and use masking tape to hold the plastic in place. Seal the entire doorway with tape and plastic.
Grind down small humps or rough spots with a hand-held cup wheel grinder. These come in 4-inch and 8-inch options, and you can use whichever size is most appropriate for your project. Hold the grinder firmly in both hands and let the weight of the wheel guide the machine. Pull the trigger and move the cup wheel over the high spot until it is removed.
Grind down large high spots with a floor chipper machine. Run the machine over the area that needs to be taken down and let the diamond or carbide-tipped teeth of the machine chew up the high spot until it is roughly level with the rest of the floor.
Smooth the ground-out area with a floor grinder or a cup-wheel grinder, depending on the size of the area and your personal preference. The machines work in much the same way, with the exception that you work the floor grinder while standing up. Hold onto the two handles, pull the trigger and let the weight of the machine guide it over the rough spot.
Top coat the concrete floor with a self-leveling patch in the cases of excessively rough or warped floors. Mix it in a bucket according to the manufacturer's directions using the drill and paddle. Pour it into the low spots on the floor and use the trowel to smooth it over the surface. It will naturally level itself and leave a smooth, finished surface.
You can purchase or rent all of your tools and supplies from your local home improvement store.
Concrete dust is deadly to inhale. Wear all the protective gear required while operating power tools and ensure that you use a respirator, not a simple dust mask, as grinding and smoothing out concrete will create excessive concrete dust clouds.
Tim Anderson has been freelance writing since 2007. His has been published online through GTV Magazine, Home Anatomy, TravBuddy, MMO Hub, Killer Guides and the Delegate2 group. He spent more than 15 years as a third-generation tile and stone contractor before transitioning into freelance writing.