The ti plant, also known as ti and Hawaiian good-luck-plant, is technically classified as Cordyline terminalis. There are approximately 20 species of Cordyline. Cordyline terminalis is the most popular species of the genus for indoor potted plants. It’s mostly associated with Hawaii and South Pacific Islands, but it’s actually a native of East Asia. Some selections of ti plant are also used extensively as cut florist greens. Ti plants are among the most colorful foliage plants. Small-leaved selections of ti plants are finished as small and medium pots for retail market outlets and for use in combination planters. Larger multi-branched plants in 6 to 14-inch pots are produced for large scale interior planting projects. The upright plants come in many glowing colors of red and green and are said to be relatively easy to grow. They’re also a great way to design an indoor or outdoor tropical look.Its best known feature are its large, colorful leaves, which grow from the stem tips in a circular, star-like pattern.
Ti plant seed is usually available from seedsmen from late summer through early winter. Seed from a few selections of ti will germinate rather true to type and is sold by seedsmen accordingly. Seed are sown in ground beds, raised beds or in trays on benches. They are covered with about 1/4-inch of peat or peat-lite mix that is kept moist until germination and development, when the seedlings are large enough to be easily transplanted to small pots, usually about 2 to 4 inches high.
The plants enjoy regular water and warm temperatures.
Grow them in shade, particularly in warmer climates.
Protect from low humidity or dry winds.
Provide good drainage.
Water moderately and feed normally.
Stems can be cut almost any time and cuttings can be inserted into the ground to start a new plant.
The mother plant will branch with new stems and new leaves if cut. This type of pruning is necessary over time, as stems can grow too tall (up to 8 to 10 feet) for the landscape effect originally intended.
This plant is tolerant of most soil conditions, but does not work well near salt-spray conditions.