Foxes can be an unwanted nuisance around your home as they can dig holes in your gardens, fight with family pets and howl at night. Some fox dens cause no problems and property owners enjoy watching nature unfold as foxes raise their pups, but for others, fox dens can be the start of all sorts of problems. If you find yourself with an unwanted fox den in your yard, there are steps you can take to get rid of the den before your yard is overrun with foxes setting up house all over your property.
Locate all possible fox dens. Fox dens are very often located underneath sheds or porches, especially in areas that are seldom used by humans. A fox may also tunnel beneath undergrowth, in a bank or between tree roots, or may simply live in an overgrown garden or at the base of a shed. A close-by water source is an essential requirement for a fox to locate its den, as is a food supply.
Make the dens unlivable. The city of Toronto suggests encouraging foxes to leave their dens by digging up the ground around the den's entrance, loudly playing a radio tuned to a talk station at the entrance to the den or placing dog hair and rags soaked in predator or human urine in and around the den.
Eliminate the dens. Seal up all holes to prevent foxes from returning to their old dens. A heavy wire screening that extends at least 20 to 30 cm straight down and 20 to 30 cm angled at a 90 degree angle outward will prevent foxes from digging under the wire, according to Toronto's Animal Services. Back fill the opening with dirt to further prevent a fox from returning. Replace the siding on holes in buildings to prevent foxes from moving their den to a new location in your yard.
Remove items that attract foxes. Don't leave pet food or water out, as it can attract foxes. Keep barbecue grills clean and make sure trash cans are tightly latched. Standing water in bird baths and other containers can also make a fox think your yard is a good place to keep its den.